The history of the irish potato famine of 1840s

Visit Website First domesticated in southern Peru and Bolivia more than 7, years ago, the potato began its long trek out of South America in the late 16th century following the Spanish conquest of the Inca.

The history of the irish potato famine of 1840s

Ireland in the 1800s

The History Learning Site, 25 Mar Famine had been common in Nineteenth Century Ireland and almost an occupational hazard of rural life in Ireland. But the Great Famine of eclipsed all others. This was because a large family was an insurance of continued sustenance in later life — children would take care of their parents.

However, this also meant that large families needed large amounts of food and the land situation in Ireland was not geared to support families in this respect.

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Potatoes were the staple diet of the rural population of Ireland. Even if a cure had existed, the people on the land would not have been able to afford it.

Ina new form of potato blight was identified in America. It basically turned a potato into a mushy mess that was completely inedible.

The American blight was first identified in France and the Isle of Wight in The summer of was mild but very wet in Britain. It was almost the perfect weather conditions for the blight to spread. The people of Ireland expected a good potato crop in The weather had appeared to be favourable and in many senses, the farming community of Ireland expected a bumper harvest.

However, when it came to digging up the potatoes, all they got was a black gooey mess.

The Great Irish Famine – A Brief Overview | The Irish Story

In fact, the expected bumper crop turned out to be a disaster. The rural community had no way of countering this.

The history of the irish potato famine of 1840s

Each family grew what they needed for that year and few had any to keep for times of trouble. In fact, the problem got worse. The crop of was all but a total failure and there was a very poor harvest in Three disastrous years in succession presented Ireland with huge problems. The advice given to those affected by the potato blight bordered on the absurd.

One scientist advised people to get hold of chloric acid and manganese dioxide. This mixture should have been been added to salt and applied to the diseased area of the potato.Irish Potato Famine – Ireland’s holocaust Charles Edward Trevelyan thought the famine was a 'mechanism for removing surplus population'.

The Great Famine of the late s is the single most catastrophic event in Irish history. Aug 21,  · The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, began in when a fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) spread rapidly throughout Ireland.

The infestation ruined up to one-half of the potato crop that year, and about three-quarters of the crop over the next seven years. Great Famine, also called Irish Potato Famine, Great Irish Famine, or Famine of –49, famine that occurred in Ireland in –49 when the potato crop failed in successive years.

The crop failures were caused by late blight, a disease that destroys both the leaves and the edible roots, or tubers, of the potato plant. More than a million Irish people--about one of every nine--died in the Great Potato Famine of the s.

To the Irish, famine of this magnitude was unprecedented and unimaginable. Because Ireland was so dependent on the potato, one in eight Irish people died of starvation in three years during the Irish potato famine of the s. Read more about the history of the potato famine at Access Excellence.

May 21,  · Emigration from the country, which had steadily increased in the years leading up to the famine, ballooned, and by 2 million people had fled, swelling the immigrant Irish populations of.

The Irish Potato Famine | World History Project