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January, Multiple interacting factors contribute to violent behavior. Public opinion surveys suggest that many people think mental illness and violence go hand in hand. In fact, research suggests that this public perception does not reflect reality. Most individuals with psychiatric disorders are not violent.
Although a subset of people with psychiatric disorders commit assaults and violent crimes, findings have been inconsistent about how much mental illness contributes to this behavior and how much substance abuse and other factors do. An ongoing problem in the scientific literature is that studies have used different methods to assess rates of violence — both in people with mental illness and in control groups used for comparison.
Some studies rely on "self-reporting," or participants' own recollection of whether they have acted violently toward others.
Such studies may underestimate rates of violence for several reasons. Participants may forget what they did in the past, or may be embarrassed about or unwilling to admit to violent behavior. Other studies have compared data from the criminal justice system, such as Teens who commit violent crimes essay rates among people with mental illness and those without.
But these studies, by definition involving a subset of people, may also misstate rates of violence in the community.
Finally, some studies have not controlled for the multiple variables beyond substance abuse that contribute to violent behavior whether an individual is mentally ill or notsuch as poverty, family history, personal adversity or stress, and so on. The MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study was one of the first to address the design flaws of earlier research by using three sources of information to assess rates of violence.
The investigators interviewed participants multiple times, to assess self-reported violence on an ongoing basis. They verified participants' recollections by checking with family members, case managers, or other people familiar with the participants.
Finally, the researchers also checked arrest and hospitalization records. This confirmed other research that substance abuse is a key contributor to violent behavior.
But when the investigators probed further, comparing rates of violence in one area in Pittsburgh in order to control for environmental factors as well as substance use, they found no significant difference in the rates of violence among people with mental illness and other people living in the same neighborhood.
In other words, after controlling for substance use, rates of violence reported in the study may reflect factors common to a particular neighborhood rather than the symptoms of a psychiatric disorder.
Several studies that have compared large numbers of people with psychiatric disorders with peers in the general population have added to the literature by carefully controlling for multiple factors that contribute to violence.
In two of the best designed studies, investigators from the University of Oxford analyzed data from a Swedish registry of hospital admissions and criminal convictions. In Sweden, every individual has a unique personal identification number that allowed the investigators to determine how many people with mental illness were convicted of crimes and then compare them with a matched group of controls.
In separate studies, the investigators found that people with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia were more likely — to a modest but statistically significant degree — to commit assaults or other violent crimes when compared with people in the general population.
Differences in the rates of violence narrowed, however, when the researchers compared patients with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia with their unaffected siblings.
This suggested that shared genetic vulnerability or common elements of social environment, such as poverty and early exposure to violence, were at least partially responsible for violent behavior.
However, rates of violence increased dramatically in those with a dual diagnosis see "Rates of violence compared". Taken together with the MacArthur study, these papers have painted a more complex picture about mental illness and violence.
They suggest that violence by people with mental illness — like aggression in the general population — stems from multiple overlapping factors interacting in complex ways.
These include family history, personal stressors such as divorce or bereavementand socioeconomic factors such as poverty and homelessness.
Substance abuse is often tightly woven into this fabric, making it hard to tease apart the influence of other less obvious factors.Teens Who Commit Violent Crimes Essay Teens Commit Violent Teens who commit violent crimes should be tried as adults because even though their brain is not fully developed, they should still have the capability to control themselves.
In , the Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to sentence juveniles to life without parole for non-violent crimes. Last year, they ruled that mandatory sentencing of life without parole for juveniles was cruel and unusual punishment, regardless of the offense.
Juveniles Should Be Tried as Adults Essay. Length: words ( double-spaced is just a kid.” While he is “just a kid”, and this is a widely held opinion but it is not mine.
Should minors who commit violent crimes be tried as adults. In some cases the juries have been too rough on the teens. Trying teens as adults can have a. likely to commit their crimes for drug money than violent (10%) and public-order offenders (7%).
In federal prisons property offenders (11%) were less than half as likely as drug offenders (25%) to report drug money as a motive in their offenses. Should Juveniles Be Tried As Adults Essay.
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Persuasive Essay; This I Believe; which is a pretty big deal for most teens. What most year olds are not so happy about is the fact that they are no longer being tried for crimes in juvenile courts.
A crime is a crime and for that reason Juveniles who commit violent crimes should be tried in the same way as adults. With so many.