The authors detail eight steps for revolutionizing the division of student affairs into a leader and producer of institutionwide innovation and change. Demands for higher education reform are affecting colleges and universities and impacting divisions of student affairs. A series of macro forces have aligned to challenge higher education and create a compelling need for change: In these turbulent times, chief student affairs officers are uniquely positioned to lead campuswide change initiatives.
The Diffusion of Innovation Knowledge-Action Gap While the fields of health care and public health have many evidence-based innovations, knowledge disseminates slowly, if at all. The failure to implement health interventions that have been demonstrated to be cost-effective by high-quality research affects both high-income and low-income countries.
A pressing question in global health today is how to spread best practices. There is a need to strengthen institutions and mechanisms that can systematically promote interactions between researchers, policy-makers, and health workers who are positioned to influence the uptake of research findings.
Why Does this Gap Exist? The gap between evidence and implementation is due to two main factors: This social distance prevails because scientists are more oriented to the international audiences of other scientists for which they publish than to the needs of practitioners, policy makers, or the local public.
Secondly, the Global Impact Corps provides education about best practices through pre-training courses and an immersive global health experience. The Community Fellows Program with chapters in North America also provides education about best practices and an immersive domestic public health experience.
Lastly, the Global Health and Innovation Conference convenes more than 2, individuals from 55 countries who are leaders in global health and international development, public health, eye care, medicine, social entrepreneurship, nonprofits, philanthropy, microfinance, human rights, anthropology, health policy, advocacy, public service, environmental health, and education.
During the conference, participants collaborate on strategies to identify global problems, engage in social entrepreneurship, and network with leading innovators, organizations, universities, and other change-makers.
Diffusion Theory There is a long history of trying to understand the spread of ideas and actions within social systems. Examples include the dissemination of ideas in nations 6crowds 7physicians adopting a new drug or evidence-based medical practice 8public health officers adopting a new policy, 9 and organizations adopting new administrative practices.
Innovations spread faster when they are perceived to have these five attributes: For this same reason, the innovation must be compatible with the values, beliefs, and current needs of individuals.
The second cluster of factors that explain the rate of spread of an innovation include the personalities of individuals among whom spread might occur, i.
In addition to being closely tied to the characteristics of a population, this factor also includes the institutional environment, namely the presence of organizations that may nurture or discourage innovation. For example, organizations or societies that have resources, give praise, and foster social interactions see a faster dissemination of change.
The third and perhaps most important factor that affects the successful dissemination of a public health innovation is the local reality or contextual environment into which a program or policy will be implemented. This includes the historical and social elements which merge together to shape the form and attitude of the community.
Local worlds—the networks of relationships and communities in which we live and experience social life—have substantial influence and must be taken into account when predicting and evaluating the successful spread of an innovation.
This global framework conceptualizes many kinds of social change, including change through processes of public dialogue and civic participation, change within organizations, as well as change through public agenda setting and media effects.
Communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something such as introducing health interventions and projects in developing countries and they share best practices and innovations as they continue to regularly interact.
To capture knowledge and disseminate learning, a core agenda is to engage practitioners. We aim to disseminate best practices by creating communities of practice around specific global health delivery challenges that will include professionals at all levels from around the world.
We are hopeful that this community will generate and share knowledge that would otherwise be difficult to uncover. Such organizations are the source of much of the innovation in global health care delivery, but they often lack the resources to capture or disseminate the knowledge they discover in the process of delivering care.
Academic institutions can contribute to the improvement of care delivery through capturing experiences and insights, building analytic frameworks and disseminating knowledge. In other words, implementation research and increased transparency are needed in order to get at this goal of best practices.
Like the medical sector, the public health sector should evaluate its own actions.
The urgency and validity of the need for best practices to be spread is strengthened by the fact that health workers and researchers have a joint ethical responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply this knowledge in practice.
Global public health interventions often have unintended consequences due to lack of knowledge of the three factors that determine the success of an intervention: For these reasons, there needs to be formal mechanisms in the public health sector to find effective innovations and establish social interactions between other health professionals to encourage dissemination.
Bridging the implementation gap between knowledge and action for health. Bull World Health Org ; Institute for Healthcare Improvement; Otitis media-related antibiotic prescribing patterns, outcomes, and expenditures in a pediatric Medicaid population.
An Outline of Sociology. A Study of the Popular Mind. Predictors of innovative behavior among local health officers. Journal of health communication. Disseminating Innovations in Health Care. Journal of the American Medical Association.As an executive director of client solutions, Cindy Hubert is responsible for inspiring leadership and building knowledge on multiple dimensions – senior client leadership, industry and subject matter leadership, and collaborative leadership across APQC.
Soil Degradation, Land Scarcity and Food Security: Reviewing a Complex Challenge. The InformaTIon Technology & InnovaTIon foundaTIon ITIF The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation P olicymakers and economic scholars around the world agree.
Managing innovation and change management can be intimidating. However, like all projects involving big data management and related technology, staying proactive, open to change, and engaged in conversation is the most powerful plan of action.
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