A visitor at the memorial site of the Sichuan earthquake of Xuankou Middle School on 30th March. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Great Wenchuan Earthquake, Wenchuan Da Dizhen, Wenchuan Earthquake, Wenchuan dizhen Sichuan earthquake ofalso called Wenchuan earthquake or Great Wenchuan Earthquake, Chinese Wenchuan dizhen or Wenchuan Da Dizhen, massive and enormously devastating earthquake that occurred in the mountainous central region of Sichuan province in southwestern China on May 12, The epicentre of the magnitude The quake was caused by the collision of the Indian-Australian and Eurasian plates along the mile- km- long Longmenshan Fault, a thrust fault in which the stresses produced by the northward-moving Indian-Australian plate Earthquake sichuan a portion of the Plateau of Tibet eastward.
Compressional forces brought on by this shift sheared the ground in two locations along the fault, thrusting the ground upward by approximately 29 feet about 9 metres in some places.
Numerous aftershocks occurred in the days, months, and years that followed, including a magnitude Map of Sichuan province, China, depicting the intensity of the shaking caused by the earthquake of May 12, The May quake flattened some four-fifths of the structures in the affected area. Whole villages and towns in the mountains were destroyed, and many schools collapsed.
Almost 90, people were counted as dead or missing and presumed dead in the final official Chinese government assessment; the officially reported total killed included more than 5, children, the bulk of them students attending classes. In addition, nearlypeople were injured by falling debris and building collapses.
Hundreds of damsincluding two major ones, were found to have sustained damage. Some relief workers were reported to have died in mudslides in the affected area, where damming of rivers and lakes by rocks, mud, and earthquake debris made flooding a major threat until workers could open channels to drain the impounded water.
Lake left foreground in Sichuan province, southwestern China, formed by a landslide triggered by an earthquake in the region in May ; the lake was later drained.
After a few days China asked for outside help.
One week after the temblor, China declared three days of official mourning for the earthquake victims. Repair and rebuilding of housing and infrastructure in the affected areas were soon under way, though progress was slow in the remoter locations. Strong quakes again shook the region in August and Septemberthough they caused considerably less destruction and loss of life.
Several issues emerged in the aftermath of the disaster. One concerned a debate in the scientific community as to whether the large weight of water impounded by a reservoir situated near the epicentre of the quake could have helped trigger the temblor. Also, there was much discussion regarding allegations that shoddy construction was to blame for the catastrophic collapse of so many school buildings in the affected areas.
Many questioned the official death toll given for children, stating that it was too low.
More than people died and at least 13, were injured from falling debris and structural collapses caused by the quake.Sunday 12 May marks the fifth anniversary of the Sichuan earthquake, one of the largest earthquakes in human history in terms of socio-economic losses.
In China, the quake is known as. Sichuan, China has had: (M or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days; 5 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 18 earthquakes in . Sichuan earthquake, 10 years on May 12, , pm. On this day a decade ago, a magnitude-8 earthquake struck southwestern China, tearing towns and cities asunder.
Li Mingcui, 61, wearing Qiang minority costumes, holds a red scarf as a sign of respect to the rescuers during the May earthquake at Beichuan County, Sichuan province November 11, This is a list of earthquakes occurring in Sichuan province.
For the most recent devastating earthquake with epicentre in Wenchuan county, see Sichuan earthquake.. The Sichuan province of China has seen many earthquakes, the most recent of which occurred in . The Sichuan earthquake administration said the epicentre of the tremor was in Ngawa prefecture, largely populated by ethnic Tibetans, many of whom are nomadic herders, but also close to the.