Top 10 facts about the world Biochemistry is the study of the chemical components in living things, and the interplay between such components. As such its practical applications are virtually boundless. Two of the biggest fields of work that require biochemistry knowledge are pharmaceuticals, and genetics. The pharmaceutical industry greatly relies on biochemistry because the chemical make-up of the body must be studied in relationship to the chemicals we might put in out body via prescription or over the counter drugs.
Applications of biochemistry[ edit ] Testing Ames test — salmonella bacteria is exposed to a chemical under question a food additive, for exampleand changes in the way the bacteria grows are measured.
This test is useful for screening chemicals to see if they mutate the structure of DNA and by extension identifying their potential to cause cancer in humans.
Pregnancy test — one uses a urine sample and the other a blood sample. Both detect the presence of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin hCG. This hormone is produced by the placenta shortly after implantation of the embryo into the uterine walls and accumulates.
Breast cancer screening — identification of risk by testing for mutations in two genes—Breast Cancer-1 gene BRCA1 and the Breast Cancer-2 gene BRCA2 —allow a woman to schedule increased screening tests at a more frequent rate than the general population.
Prenatal genetic testing — testing the fetus for potential genetic defects, to detect chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome or birth defects such as spina bifida. PKU test — Phenylketonuria PKU is a metabolic disorder in which the individual is missing an enzyme called phenylalanine hydroxylase.
Absence of this enzyme allows the buildup of phenylalanine, which can lead to mental retardation. Genetic engineering — taking a gene from one organism and placing it into another.
Biochemists inserted the gene for human insulin into bacteria. The bacteria, travels through the process of translation, create human insulin. Cloning — Dolly the sheep was the first mammal ever cloned from adult animal cells.
The cloned sheep was, of course, genetically identical to the original adult sheep. This clone was created by taking cells from the udder of a 6-year-old ewe and growing them in the lab. Gene therapy — a modified or healthy gene is inserted into the organism to replace a disease-causing gene.
Commonly a virus that has been altered to carry human DNA is used to deliver the healthy gene to the targeted cells of the patient.
This process was first used successfully in on a 4-year-old patient who lacked an immune system due to a rare genetic disease called severe combined immunodeficiency SCID. Branches of biochemistry[ edit ].A major proportion of funding for biochemistry-focused research comes is provided by the BBSRC (Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council) and we will hear more about some of the research they have funded throughout this course.
Applications of biochemistry 1.
All applications are accepted through the Office of Biomedical Graduate Education (BGE).The application process is electronic. Please follow these pfmlures.com you have initiated your application, choose the following options under Graduate Program Information to select either of the Department of Biochemistry PhD programs. Biochemistry has obvious applications in medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine. In food science, biochemists determine the chemical composition of foods, research ways to develop abundant and inexpensive sources of nutritious foods, develop methods to extract nutrients from waste products, and/or invent ways to prolong the shelf life of food products. Here are details on what is biochemistry, importance of biochemistry and its role in our daily life. It has significant contribution to the medicine, agriculture, nutrition etc. more should be developed on the application of biochemistry to daily life. Ephraim says. September 6, at am.
Applications of biochemistry in medecine 2. Biochemistry helps us understand the The pathology of anybiochemical changes and related disease is studiedphysiological alteration in the body through biochemical changes.
All applications are accepted through the Office of Biomedical Graduate Education (BGE).The application process is electronic. Please follow these pfmlures.com you have initiated your application, choose the following options under Graduate Program Information to select either of the Department of Biochemistry PhD programs.
Biochemistry Applications in Agriculture Biochemistry also has some valuable impact in the agriculture fields. This study is useful in the farming, fishery, poultry, sericulture, beekeeping and many more.
Biochemistry is used in daily life to develop new products and new technologies. The development of a new artificial sweetener or food additive is an example of biochemistry.
The use of gene therapy to treat certain medical conditions is another example of biochemistry used in daily life. Biochemistry is the study of how chemical work involving things in this case (humans). Biochemistry emerged as a separate discipline when scientist combined biology .