Europe in the Early Middle Ages. Medieval Christendom   and the political power of the Papacy   are also often cited as premisses[ clarification needed ] to European integration and unity. A day will come when all nations on our continent will form a European brotherhood
Additional tools Introduction to the new EU Water Framework Directive The increasing demand by citizens and environmental organisations for cleaner rivers and lakes, groundwater and coastal beaches has been evident for considerable time. It has recently been reconfirmed by a representative opinion poll Eurobarometer in all 25 EU countries: This demand by citizens is one of the main reasons why the Commission has made water protection one of the priorities of its work.
The new European Water Policy will get polluted waters clean again, and ensure clean waters are kept clean. This is why a new European Water Policy has to get citizens more involved. European Water Policy has undergone a thorough restructuring process, and a new Water Framework Directive adopted in will be the operational tool, setting the objectives for water protection for the future.
The following will provide an overview on development, present state and future of European Water Policy. An early beginning Early European water legislation began, in a "first wave", with standards for those of our rivers and lakes used for drinking water abstraction inand culminated in in setting binding quality targets for our drinking water.
It also included quality objective legislation on fish waters, shellfish waters, bathing waters and groundwaters. Its main emission control element was the Dangerous Substances Directive.
Addressing pollution from urban waste water and from agriculture In the Frankfurt ministerial seminar on water reviewed the existing legislation and identified a number of improvements that could be made and gaps that could be filled. This resulted in the second phase of water legislation, the first results of this were, inthe adoption of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive, providing for secondary biological waste water treatment, and even more stringent treatment where necessary.
Other legislative results of these developments were Commission proposals for action on a new Drinking Water Directive, reviewing the quality standards and, where necessary, tightening them adopted Novembera Directive for Integrated Pollution and Prevention Control IPPCadopted inaddressing pollution from large industrial installations.
Whilst EU actions of the past such as the Drinking Water Directive and the Urban Waste Water Directive can duly be considered milestones, European Water Policy has to address the increasing awareness of citizens and other involved parties for their water. At the same time water policy and water management are to address problems in a coherent way.
This is why the new European Water Policy was developed in an open consultation process involving all interested parties. A Commission Communication was formally addressed to the Council and the European Parliament, but at the same time invited comment from all interested parties, such as local and regional authorities, water users and non-governmental organisations NGOs.
A score of organisations and individuals responded in writing, most of the comments welcoming the broad outline given by the Commission.
As the culmination of this open process a two day Water Conference was hosted in May This Conference was attended by some delegates including representatives of Member States, regional and local authorities, enforcement agencies, water providers, industry, agriculture and, not least, consumers and environmentalists.
The outcome of this consultation process was a widespread consensus that, while considerable progress had been made in tackling individual issues, the current water policy was fragmented, in terms both of objectives and of means. All parties agreed on the need for a single piece of framework legislation to resolve these problems.
In response to this, the Commission presented a Proposal for a Water Framework Directive with the following key aims: A single system of water management: River basin management The best model for a single system of water management is management by river basin - the natural geographical and hydrological unit - instead of according to administrative or political boundaries.
Initiatives taken forward by the States concerned for the MaasSchelde or Rhine river basins have served as positive examples of this approach, with their cooperation and joint objective-setting across Member State borders, or in the case of the Rhine even beyond the EU territory.
While several Member States already take a river basin approach, this is at present not the case everywhere. For each river basin district - some of which will traverse national frontiers - a "river basin management plan" will need to be established and updated every six years, and this will provide the context for the co-ordination requirements identified above.
Co-ordination of objectives - good status for all waters by a set deadline There are a number of objectives in respect of which the quality of water is protected. The key ones at European level are general protection of the aquatic ecology, specific protection of unique and valuable habitats, protection of drinking water resources, and protection of bathing water.
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|POLITICAL SCIENCE - TACOMA||The status of these documents varies greatly between different countries and organisations - while governments in some countries have long had a culture of openness, others have always preferred secrecy.|
|Horizon - European Commission||Originally confined to western Europethe EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century.|
|European Union | Definition, Purpose, History, & Members | pfmlures.com||See European Monetary Institute. There are policies on vocational training, regional aid through the structural funds and hours of employment through the Working Time Directive.|
|By Modifying the previous treaties -Paris, Rome and Single European Act- the initial economic objective of the Community, building a common market, was outstripped and, for the first time, a distinctive vocation of political union was claimed. Henceforth, it will be known as European Union.|
All these objectives must be integrated for each river basin. It is clear that the last three - special habitats, drinking water areas and bathing water - apply only to specific bodies of water those supporting special wetlands; those identified for drinking water abstraction; those generally used as bathing areas.
In contrast, ecological protection should apply to all waters: Surface water Ecological protection For this reason, a general requirement for ecological protection, and a general minimum chemical standard, was introduced to cover all surface waters.European Union - Official website of the European Union.
The legal basis is Articles 33 and 34 of the Union Customs Code Regulation /Application should be made in writing to the competent authorities in the Member State in which you are established or in the Member State in which the BOI will be used. What the EU does - its aims and challenges.
TPOL S Introduction to Globalization (5) I&S Provides an introduction to the debates over globalization. Focuses on the growth and intensification of global ties. Addresses the resulting inequalities and tensions, as well as the new opportunities for cultural and political exchange. Topics. The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
It was created by the Treaty of Rome of  Upon the formation of the European Union (EU) in , the EEC was incorporated and renamed as the European Community (EC).Status: Economic union. European Union - Official website of the European Union.
About the EU. The EU in brief, institutions and bodies, countries, symbols, history, facts and figures.